In Peru, the main characteristic of Human Trafficking is its internal development, which is to say that “there is more internal sexual and labor exploitation than that which crosses the borders,” as Jose Ivan Davalos, President of the International Migration Organization (OIM) in Peru explained.
According to the OIM report, between 2009 and 2014 there have been four thousand registered complaints of human trafficking. Of those four thousands cases, 80% are women and 60% of those women are underage.
Considered an invisible crime in Peru, because it happens unbeknownst to the general population and the State, and is only allocated .006% of the National Budget; the weight of this reality is heavy. Some of the challenges in combating human trafficking include the lack of shelters for those rescued and little information about preventing this crime from happening.
It is worth mentioning that the traffickers trick their victims by promising work. Once their victims arrive, they are transported to places where the presence of the State basically doesn’t exist, and they are subjected to physical and sexual violence, with the goal of breaking them down and making them dependent on their trafficker. The trafficker threatens them with death or injury to themselves and to their family members in order to prevent them from running away.